How to create an awesome website from scratch

This tutorial will show you how to build a website from scratch, using HTML & CSS, basic level coding.

Note:
Building website from scratch requires lots of effort. If you want to build a complete website without coding, see this tutorial:
How to build a website in 20 minutes using WordPress

Follow this tutorial if you want to learn to build websites from the real basics and become a master.

This tutorial assumes that you know the basics of HTML. If you are new to HTML, bookmark and read this HTML/CSS tutorial:

A Modern HTML Tutorial

Step 1. Get a Good Text Editor (if you don’t have one)

First of, you need a good text editor to write code. Simple, plain notepad is not enough.
For this tutorial, I will be using notepad ++.

notepad ++

Alternatively, you can use atom text editor or Sublime Text. Both are very good.


atom text editor

sublime text

Step 2. Create the landing page for your website

Let us build our landing page based on popular CSS framework Bootstrap.

We are using a framework because:

  • You don’t have to reinvent the wheel! CSS frameworks have many re-usable constructs
  • Your website works on all browsers & devices out of the box
  • You don’t have to write lots of code!

Here is the source code of our landing HTML page (index.html):
veggso_com.zip

In the source you can see that we have added a custom CSS file below the Bootstrap CSS:
html head with bootstrap

The body HTML is updated to add a navigation menu, heading and three small columns.

Step 3. Get website Domain and Hosting

The next step is to get our website online so that the whole world can see it.

What is Web Hosting?

For a website to be available online, the HTML pages you just created must be saved (hosted) somewhere. Web servers does the job of storing websites so that they are available to users from all over the world. These servers are computers that are connected to the Internet 24/7, all year round.
Therefore, web hosting is the service that puts your website on a server that is available on the internet.
This service is usually provided by web hosting companies who own several servers that you hire to have your website hosted. The advantage of buying hosting is that you do not have to worry about the technical side of managing a server as someone is doing that for you. You can, therefore, dedicate more time to making your website attractive to visitors.

Let’s setup web hosting

We will host our website with SiteGround Web hosting.

Always choose the best hosting service for your websites.
Siteground is known for its super-fast web servers, security features and awesome support.
This link takes you to the best hosting offer they have:
https://www.siteground.com/go/fast-websites

Choose the hosting option with multiple websites feature:
choose good hosting plan

You can add more websites to the same account by choosing that option.

Enter the domain name you have selected and make sure there is no spelling mistake!
register domain

Also remember to use a long, good password. Keep the password safely somewhere.
choose good password

After completing the signup, wait for the email with login information to arrive in your email inbox.
order email

Once you have the email, login to your customer area:
order info

login customer area
Bookmark that page so that you can quickly login to your hosting control panel next time.

Click on ‘My Accounts’ tab:
customer area my accounts tab

You can see all important information about your website here. Clicking on the Control panel link will take you to the hosting control panel where you can do most of the website setup tasks like installing software, accessing logs and so on.

At the moment, we just want to upload the HTML/CSS files to our website. We can upload the files using simple FTP.
my-accounts

Step 4: Upload files to your website

We will use the Free Filezilla FTP client to upload our web pages to the new website.
Download and install FileZilla FTP client first.

After installing Filezilla, login to your website through FTP. Use the FTP login information in your hosting customer area to login (The server name and the user name is shown in the hosting customer area). The password is same as the one you had entered while signing up.

FTP Login

Once you have logged in to FTP, the left panes will show your local folders and the right pane will show the folders in your web server account.

Select the public_html folder in your web server.
Select the local folder where you have your web pages, in the left pane.

FTP Folders

Right click on the index.html file and choose upload. Once you have completed the upload, visit the website in your browser.
create a website using HTML and CSS - FTP Upload step

Congrats! you got your pure HTML website online!

updated website

Iterate and keep building your website

At the moment, your website is very basic with little content. Next step is to add more content to your HTML file and keep improving your CSS.
Head to the examples section of bootstrap website. There we have samples of website layouts. For example this one:
justified-nav. Right click and choose view source or press Ctrl+U ( ⌥ ⌘ U on mac) to view the HTML source of the page. Study the example to build your own layout.

After making the updates, re-upload both the HTML and the CSS to your website.

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